Disclaimer:

The list of states introducing legislation and regulation for daily fantasy sports contests is constantly changing. We make every effort to keep this list as current as possible, but sometimes a game changer slips into our blindspot.

Last modified: July 26, 2021

Alabama
Major Operators:
Mixed Only DraftKings & FanDuel

Attorney General Opinion:
Negative April 15, 2016

Legislative Status:
Passed (HB361)

Summary:
  • Prohibits contests based on collegiate or amateur events
  • Registration: Required
  • Registration Fee: If operator has gross revenue > $10M then $85k; If operator gross revenue < $10M then $1k
  • Minimum Age: 19
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:
May 31, 2019

Relevant Cases:

Case: Manzella v. DraftKings

Court: Northern District Alabama

Status: Transferred to District of Massachusetts for consolidated pre-trial proceedings, In re: Daily Fantasy Sports Litigation.



Alaska
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


Arizona
Major Operators:
No

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Failed (S 1515) February 22, 2016

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


Arkansas
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Passed (HB 2250) April 11, 2017

Summary:
  • Exempts DFS from gambling prohibition laws
  • Prohibits contests based on collegiate or high school events
  • Registration: Not Required
  • Tax: 8% of in-state revenue

Effective Date:
April 11, 2017

Relevant Cases:


California
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Dead (AB 1437)

Summary:

Case: Spiegel v. Draftkings

Court: Central District of California

Status: Transferred to District of Massachusetts for consolidated pre-trial proceedings, In re: Daily Fantasy Sports Litigation.


Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


Colorado
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Passed (HB 16-1404) June 10, 2016

Summary:
  • Exempts DFS from gambling prohibition laws
  • License – Standard Operator: Required
  • License – Small Operator2: Not Required
  • License Fee – Standard Operator: TBD
  • Registration – Standard Operator: Not Required
  • Registration – Small Operator2: Required
  • Registration Fee – Small Operator: TBD
  • Regulatory Fee: Required, annually
  • Tax: None
  • Minimum Age: 18
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:
August 10, 2016

Relevant Cases:

*Consumer protection language is relatively standardized between states. These procedures include, but are not limited to: ensuring reasonable efforts are made to identify and block unauthorized users (by age, state, or voluntary self-exclusion); holding registered players’ funds in individual trusts separate from other accounts; preventing unethical advertising techniques such as promoting misleading award offerings and targeting self-excluded individuals, minors; requiring operators make all prizes and awards known in advance of contests and ensuring such awards are not determined by the number or participants in that contest.

2 Small fantasy contest operators have no more than 7,500 fantasy contest players in Colorado.

3 “Net revenue” is defined as the amount equal to the total entry fees collected from all participants entering such fantasy sports contests less winnings paid to participants in the contests, multiplied by the resident percentage.

4 “Highly experienced player” has (a) Entered more than one thousand contests offered by a single fantasy sports contest operator; or (b) Won more than three fantasy sports prizes of one thousand dollars or more.


Connecticut
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:
Mixed April 18, 2016

Legislative Status:
Passed (C.G.S.A. § 12-578aa) October 31, 2017

Summary:
  • Exempts DFS from gambling prohibition laws
  • Registration Fee: $15,000 or 10% of gross in-state revenue
  • Registration Term: 1 year
  • Tax: 10.5% ofgross in-state revenue
  • Minimum Age: 18
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


Kansas
Major Operators:

Attorney General Opinion:
Positive April 24, 2015

Legislative Status:
Passed (HB 2155) May 19, 2015

Summary:

Exempts DFS from gambling prohibition laws


Effective Date:
July 1, 2015

Relevant Cases:


Kentucky
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Dead (HB 248)

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


Louisiana
Major Operators:
No

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Failed (HB 459) June 18, 2019

Summary:
  • Exempts DFS from gambling prohibition laws
  • Authorizes Louisiana Gambling Control Board to regulate online DFS contests

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


Maine
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Passed (LD 1320)

Summary:
  • Exempts DFS from gambling prohibition laws
  • Prohibits contests based on collegiate or high school events
  • Registration: Required
  • Registration Fee: 10% of in-state revenue, up to $5,000
  • License Fee: If Gross Revenues in past year > $100,000, then license fee is $2,500; if Gross Revenues in past year < $100,000, then license fee is $0
  • Minimum Age: 18
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:

*Consumer protection language is relatively standardized between states. These procedures include, but are not limited to: ensuring reasonable efforts are made to identify and block unauthorized users (by age, state, or voluntary self-exclusion); holding registered players’ funds in individual trusts separate from other accounts; preventing unethical advertising techniques such as promoting misleading award offerings and targeting self-excluded individuals, minors; requiring operators make all prizes and awards known in advance of contests and ensuring such awards are not determined by the number or participants in that contest.


Maryland
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:
Mixed January 15, 2016

Legislative Status:
Passed (Md. Code Ann., State Gov't § 9-1D-01) October 1, 2018

Summary:
  • Exempts DFS from gambling prohibition laws
  • Operators must prevent use of third-party scripts for entering contests
  • Operators must identify experienced players4
  • Prohibits offering college sports contests
  • Minimum Age: 18
  • Deposit Limit: $1,000 per month; However, a player may request a temporary increase in deposit limit
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:

*Consumer protection language is relatively standardized between states. These procedures include, but are not limited to: ensuring reasonable efforts are made to identify and block unauthorized users (by age, state, or voluntary self-exclusion); holding registered players’ funds in individual trusts separate from other accounts; preventing unethical advertising techniques such as promoting misleading award offerings and targeting self-excluded individuals, minors; requiring operators make all prizes and awards known in advance of contests and ensuring such awards are not determined by the number or participants in that contest.


Massachusetts
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:
Positive October 7, 2015

Legislative Status:
Passed (H.4569) August 10, 2016

Summary:
  • Authorizes lottery commission to implement online fantasy sports via players purchasing pre-paid cards from the state gambling commission
  • Permits operators to bid on providing the commission an online platform for DFS contests
  • Requires operators provide a “free-play site”
  • Minimum Age: 21
  • Deposit Limit: $1,000 per month; However, a player may request a temporary increase in deposit limit

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:

Case: Haroldson v. DraftKings; Belton v. DraftKings

Court: District of Massachusetts

Status: Transferred to District of Massachusetts for consolidated pre-trial proceedings, In re: Daily Fantasy Sports Litigation.



Michigan
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Passed (M.C.L.A. 432.502) December 20, 2019

Summary:
  • License: Required
  • License Fee: $5,000, with a cap of 10% net revenue
  • License Renewal Fee: $1,000, with a cap of 10% of net revenue
  • License Term: 1 year
  • Initial Fee: $10,000
  • Renewal Fee: $5,000
  • Tax: None
  • Minimum Age: 18
  • Prohibits contests based on college, high school, or youth sports events
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:

*Consumer protection language is relatively standardized between states. These procedures include, but are not limited to: ensuring reasonable efforts are made to identify and block unauthorized users (by age, state, or voluntary self-exclusion); holding registered players’ funds in individual trusts separate from other accounts; preventing unethical advertising techniques such as promoting misleading award offerings and targeting self-excluded individuals, minors; requiring operators make all prizes and awards known in advance of contests and ensuring such awards are not determined by the number or participants in that contest.



Minnesota
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Failed (HF 1415)

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


Mississippi
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:
Negative January 29, 2016

Legislative Status:
Passed (H 967)

Summary:
  • Legalizes fantasy contests with an entry fee
  • License: Required
  • License Fee: $5,000
  • License Term: 3 years
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:

*Consumer protection language is relatively standardized between states. These procedures include, but are not limited to: ensuring reasonable efforts are made to identify and block unauthorized users (by age, state, or voluntary self-exclusion); holding registered players’ funds in individual trusts separate from other accounts; preventing unethical advertising techniques such as promoting misleading award offerings and targeting self-excluded individuals, minors; requiring operators make all prizes and awards known in advance of contests and ensuring such awards are not determined by the number or participants in that contest.


Missouri
Major Operators:

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Passed (H 1941) May 12, 2016

Summary:
  • Exempts DFS from gambling prohibition laws
  • Allows operators prior to April 1, 2016, to continue until receipt or denial of license. Must apply by October 1, 2016
  • Requires operators offer “beginner-only” contests, in which highly experienced players4are not permitted to participate
  • License: Required, from Gaming Commission
  • Registration Fee: $10,000 annual fee or 10% of net revenuefrom previous year
  • Licensing Renewal Fee: $0-$5,000 based on net revenues from previous year
  • Tax: 11.5%
  • Audit: Required, annually
  • Minimum Age: 18
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:
August 28, 2016

Relevant Cases:

*Consumer protection language is relatively standardized between states. These procedures include, but are not limited to: ensuring reasonable efforts are made to identify and block unauthorized users (by age, state, or voluntary self-exclusion); holding registered players’ funds in individual trusts separate from other accounts; preventing unethical advertising techniques such as promoting misleading award offerings and targeting self-excluded individuals, minors; requiring operators make all prizes and awards known in advance of contests and ensuring such awards are not determined by the number or participants in that contest.

1 Major operators considered include FanDuel, DraftKings, and Yahoo!

2 Small fantasy contest operators have no more than 7,500 fantasy contest players in Colorado.

3 “Net revenue” is defined as the amount equal to the total entry fees collected from all participants entering such fantasy sports contests less winnings paid to participants in the contests, multiplied by the resident percentage.

4 “Highly experienced player” has (a) Entered more than one thousand contests offered by a single fantasy sports contest operator; or (b) Won more than three fantasy sports prizes of one thousand dollars or more.


Montana
Major Operators:
No

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Passed (SB 25)

Summary:
  • Clarifies that online fantasy sports are illegal under the state’s gambling laws
  • Permits small, social fantasy sports leagues between acquaintances

Effective Date:
October 1, 2017

Relevant Cases:


Nebraska
Major Operators:

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Active (LB137)

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


Nevada
Major Operators:
No

Attorney General Opinion:
Negative October 16, 2015

Legislative Status:

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


New Hampshire
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Passed (HB 580) July 18, 2017

Summary:
  • Registration: Required
  • Registration Fee: None Required
  • Registration Term: 1 year
  • Tax: None Required
  • Minimum Age: 18
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:
July 18, 2017

Relevant Cases:

*Consumer protection language is relatively standardized between states. These procedures include, but are not limited to: ensuring reasonable efforts are made to identify and block unauthorized users (by age, state, or voluntary self-exclusion); holding registered players’ funds in individual trusts separate from other accounts; preventing unethical advertising techniques such as promoting misleading award offerings and targeting self-excluded individuals, minors; requiring operators make all prizes and awards known in advance of contests and ensuring such awards are not determined by the number or participants in that contest.


New Jersey
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Passed (A3532)

Summary:
  • Licensed casino partner OR at least one of operator’s servers must be located in Atlantic City, NJ
  • Registration: Required
  • Registration Fee: Based on Revenue
    • Revenue: $0 – $49,999, Registration Fee: $5,000
    • Revenue: $50,000 – $99,999, Registration Fee: $10,000
    • Revenue: $100,000 – $250,000, Registration Fee: $20,000
    • Revenue: Over $250,000, Registration Fee: $50,000
  • Tax: 10.5% of in-state revenue, paid quarterly
  • Minimum Age: 18
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:
  • New Jersey Thoroughbred Horsemen’s Association v. NCAA
    • Court: United States Supreme Court
    • Status: Supreme Court granted certiorari for NCAA v. Governor of New Jersey, argument set for 12/04/2017
  • NCAA v. Governor of New Jersey
    • Court: Third Circuit Court of Appeals
    • Status: Held that New Jersey law repealing the state’s sports betting ban violates federal law

*Consumer protection language is relatively standardized between states. These procedures include, but are not limited to: ensuring reasonable efforts are made to identify and block unauthorized users (by age, state, or voluntary self-exclusion); holding registered players’ funds in individual trusts separate from other accounts; preventing unethical advertising techniques such as promoting misleading award offerings and targeting self-excluded individuals, minors; requiring operators make all prizes and awards known in advance of contests and ensuring such awards are not determined by the number or participants in that contest.


New Mexico
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Dead (H 314)

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


New York
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:
Negative November 10, 2015

Legislative Status:
Passed (S 8153)

Summary:
  • Exempts DFS from gambling prohibition laws
  • Allows operators prior to November 10, 2015, to continue to operate until receipt or denial of registration
  • Each registrant must submit a report to the commission by June 13 of each year
  • Registration: Required, from New York State Gaming Commission
  • Registration Term: 3 years
  • Registration Fee: None
  • Tax: 15.5%, not to exceed $50,000
  • Minimum Age: 18
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:
August 3, 2016

Relevant Cases:

Case: Johnson v. FanDuel; Weaver v. FanDuel; White v. DraftKings; Brown v. DraftKings; McDaid v. DraftKings; Belton v. FanDuel

Court: Southern District of New York

Status: Transferred to District of Massachusetts for consolidated pre-trial proceedings, In re: Daily Fantasy Sports Litigation. 


*Consumer protection language is relatively standardized between states. These procedures include, but are not limited to: ensuring reasonable efforts are made to identify and block unauthorized users (by age, state, or voluntary self-exclusion); holding registered players’ funds in individual trusts separate from other accounts; preventing unethical advertising techniques such as promoting misleading award offerings and targeting self-excluded individuals, minors; requiring operators make all prizes and awards known in advance of contests and ensuring such awards are not determined by the number or participants in that contest.


North Carolina
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Dead (H 279) Failed (HB 929) June 5, 2019

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


North Dakota
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


Ohio
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:
Mixed June 30, 2016

Legislative Status:
Passed (H 132) March 23, 2018

Summary:
  • License: Required
  • License Fee: Not to exceed $10,000 per year or $30,000 per three years
  • Registration Fee: Based on Players
    • Players: < 5,000, Registration Fee: $3,000
    • Players: 5,000 – 9,999, Registration Fee: $9,000
    • Players: 10,000 – 14,999, Registration Fee: $15,000
    • Players: Over 15,000, Registration Fee: $30,000
  • Tax: None
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:

*Consumer protection language is relatively standardized between states. These procedures include, but are not limited to: ensuring reasonable efforts are made to identify and block unauthorized users (by age, state, or voluntary self-exclusion); holding registered players’ funds in individual trusts separate from other accounts; preventing unethical advertising techniques such as promoting misleading award offerings and targeting self-excluded individuals, minors; requiring operators make all prizes and awards known in advance of contests and ensuring such awards are not determined by the number or participants in that contest.


Oklahoma
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Dead (H 2278, S 1396)

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


Oregon
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Dead (HB 2549)

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


Pennsylvania
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Passed (HB 271) October 30, 2017

Summary:
  • Operators required to maintain a place of business within Pennsylvania
  • License: Required
  • License Fee: $50,000
  • License Term: 5 years
  • License Renewal fee: $10,000
  • Tax: 15% of gross revenue
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:
October 30, 2017

Relevant Cases:

*Consumer protection language is relatively standardized between states. These procedures include, but are not limited to: ensuring reasonable efforts are made to identify and block unauthorized users (by age, state, or voluntary self-exclusion); holding registered players’ funds in individual trusts separate from other accounts; preventing unethical advertising techniques such as promoting misleading award offerings and targeting self-excluded individuals, minors; requiring operators make all prizes and awards known in advance of contests and ensuring such awards are not determined by the number or participants in that contest.


Rhode Island
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:
Positive February 14, 2016

Legislative Status:
Dead (H5793)

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


South Carolina
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Dead (S 1093)

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


South Dakota
Major Operators:
Mixed

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


Tennessee
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:
Negative April 15, 2016

Legislative Status:
Passed (SB2109) April 27, 2016

Summary:
  • Allows current operators 60 days after applications are made available to continue operating
  • License: Required, from Secretary of State
  • Registration Fee: $1000-75,000 + $300 application fee
  • Tax: 6%
  • Minimum Age: 18
  • Deposit Limit: $2500
  • Audit: Required, annually
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*
  • Creates an advisory task force to study and report findings by July 1, 2017

Effective Date:
July 1, 2016

Relevant Cases:

*Consumer protection language is relatively standardized between states. These procedures include, but are not limited to: ensuring reasonable efforts are made to identify and block unauthorized users (by age, state, or voluntary self-exclusion); holding registered players’ funds in individual trusts separate from other accounts; preventing unethical advertising techniques such as promoting misleading award offerings and targeting self-excluded individuals, minors; requiring operators make all prizes and awards known in advance of contests and ensuring such awards are not determined by the number or participants in that contest.


Texas
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:
Negative January 19, 2016

Legislative Status:
Dead (HB 1457) Dead (HB 1418)

Summary:
  • Exempts DFS from gambling prohibition laws
  • Minimum Age: 18
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:

*Consumer protection language is relatively standardized between states. These procedures include, but are not limited to: ensuring reasonable efforts are made to identify and block unauthorized users (by age, state, or voluntary self-exclusion); holding registered players’ funds in individual trusts separate from other accounts; preventing unethical advertising techniques such as promoting misleading award offerings and targeting self-excluded individuals, minors; requiring operators make all prizes and awards known in advance of contests and ensuring such awards are not determined by the number or participants in that contest.


Utah
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


Vermont
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:
Negative January 15, 2016

Legislative Status:
Passed (S 136) June 8, 2017

Summary:
  • Exempts DFS from gambling prohibition laws
  • Directs Attorney General and Executive Branch to propose registration fee and tax framework by 12/15/17
  • Registration: Required, annually
  • Registration Fee: $5,000, effective immediately
  • Tax: TBD
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:
January 1, 2018

Relevant Cases:

*Consumer protection language is relatively standardized between states. These procedures include, but are not limited to: ensuring reasonable efforts are made to identify and block unauthorized users (by age, state, or voluntary self-exclusion); holding registered players’ funds in individual trusts separate from other accounts; preventing unethical advertising techniques such as promoting misleading award offerings and targeting self-excluded individuals, minors; requiring operators make all prizes and awards known in advance of contests and ensuring such awards are not determined by the number or participants in that contest.


Virginia
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Passed (S 646) March 7, 2016

Summary:
  • Exempts DFS from gambling prohibition laws
  • Registration: Required, from the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
  • Registration Fee: $8,300
  • Registration Term: 1 year
  • Tax: None
  • Minimum Age: 18
  • Audit: Required, annually
  • Establishes standard consumer protection protocol*

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:

*Consumer protection language is relatively standardized between states. These procedures include, but are not limited to: ensuring reasonable efforts are made to identify and block unauthorized users (by age, state, or voluntary self-exclusion); holding registered players’ funds in individual trusts separate from other accounts; preventing unethical advertising techniques such as promoting misleading award offerings and targeting self-excluded individuals, minors; requiring operators make all prizes and awards known in advance of contests and ensuring such awards are not determined by the number or participants in that contest.


Washington
Major Operators:
No

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Dead (SB63333)

Summary:
  • Exempts DFS from gambling prohibition laws

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


West Virginia
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:
Positive January 7, 2016

Legislative Status:
Dead (S 529)

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


Wisconsin
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:
Failed (AB 526) Failed (SB 436)

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases:


Wyoming
Major Operators:
Yes

Attorney General Opinion:

Legislative Status:

Summary:

Effective Date:

Relevant Cases: